In this blog, we will discuss High-level programming language vs low-level programming language.
There are mainly two types of languages, one is high-level languages and second is low-level languages.
Both high-level and low-level programming languages give a set of commands to a system for executing particular tasks. Though both of these have distinct objectives, they vary in different ways.
However, before we talk, let’s learn more about programming languages and their function.
What is Programming Language?
A programming language is a set of commands or instructions that can be used to interact with and handle a computer. These languages are used to develop operating systems, control spacecraft, analyze data design websites, and create apps.
Moreover, these languages are necessary because computers can’t understand the English language. These languages close this gap. It is done by supporting programmers to translate their commands into something that the computer can comprehend and execute.
What are High-Level Languages?
- Compared to low-level languages, these languages are simpler to read and combine.
- They are quite simple to comprehend.
- These are programming-friendly languages.
- It’s not too tough to debug.
- They are straightforward and controllable because they require little care.
- Also, they are easily executable on several platforms.
- They need to be converted into machine code using a compiler/interpreter.
- They can be moved from one place to another by the user.
- Such languages have poor memory efficiency. In comparison to low-level languages, it uses more memory.
- Moreover, they are extremely common and well-liked today.
- High-level languages include Python, C, C++, Java, and others.
What are Low-Level Languages?
- Additionally known as machine-level languages.
- It is easily understood by machines.
- High-level languages are particularly conducive to machines.
- It is really difficult to debug them.
- They are difficult to comprehend.
- All languages require intricate care.
- They cannot be transported.
- These dialects are machine-dependent. It may therefore be used on a variety of platforms.
- Assemblers are always needed for translating the instructions.
- The use of low-level languages is not very widespread in modern society.
|Also Read: Data Science vs Computer Science: Find Out the 10 Differences|
High-level programming language vs low-level programming language
We compare the parameters to check which language is best either high-level programming language vs low-level programming language.
|Parameters||High-level language||Low-level language|
|Basic Intro||High-level languages are programmer-friendly. These languages are easy to understand, debug, and manageable. Also they are widely used in today’s times.||Low-level languages are machine friendly. Low-level languages are difficult to understand by human beings. But they are easy to interpret by machines.|
|Ease of Execution||These are very easy to perform.||These are very difficult to perform.|
|Process of Translation||High-level languages are manageable, simple to grasp and debug. Moreover, they are popular languages for programmers in the present day.||In low-level languages, the machine language commands must be translated directly using an assembler.|
|efficiency of Memory||These languages are particularly inefficient with regard to memory. They use more memory than any other low-level language, according to this.||These languages are extremely efficient with regard to memory. This indicates that they use less energy than any high-level language.|
|Portability||These can be transferred between any two devices.||These cannot be moved from one device to another by the user.|
|Comprehensibility||High-level languages are friendly to humans. Thus, they are relatively simple for any coder to comprehend and learn.||Low-level languages are friendly to machines. As a result, they are incredibly challenging for any human to comprehend and learn.|
|Dependency on Machines||These languages do not depend on machines.||These languages are machine-dependent and thus very difficult to understand by a normal user.|
|Debugging||It is very easy to debug high-level languages.||It is not easy to debug these languages by a programmer.|
|Maintenance||High-level languages have an easy-to-use, thorough maintenance methodology.||The maintenance of any low-level language is quite difficult.|
|Usage||Programming today frequently and extensively uses high-level languages.||Today’s programmers hardly ever use low-level languages.|
|Speed of Execution||High-level languages take longer to run than low-level languages. Reason is that they require translation software.||Low-level languages translate at an incredibly fast rate.|
|Abstraction||Higher abstraction is possible with high-level languages.||Low-level languages either don’t allow any abstraction at all or allow very little.|
|Need of Hardware||To write programs, hardware knowledge is not necessary.||Writing programs requires hardware knowledge.|
|Facilities Provided||High-level languages don’t offer a variety of hardware-level features.||The hardware is extremely close to what low-level languages are. They assist in writing a variety of hardware-level programs.|
|Ease of Modification||High-level programs make it extremely difficult to modify them. It is because each statement within it has the potential to carry out a number of instructions.||Low-level programmes make it relatively simple to change existing programmes. Here, the statements and CPU instructions can be directly mapped.|
|Examples||Some examples are BASIC, COBOL, Perl, Pascal, Ruby, etc.||Some examples are Assembly language and Machine language.|
Which is the best: High-level programming language vs low-level programming language
high-level languages are programmer-friendly. These high-level languages are easy to understand, debug, and manageable. All are widely used in today’s times. But Low-level languages are machine friendly. Low-level languages are difficult to understand by human beings but easy to interpret by machines.
High-level languages are friendly to humans. Thus, they are relatively simple for any coder to comprehend and learn. Low-level languages are friendly to machines. As a result, they are incredibly challenging for any human to comprehend and learn. High-level languages have an easy-to-use, thorough maintenance methodology. The maintenance of any low-level language is quite difficult.
As a comparison of these two languages, the high-level language is better than the low-level language.
In this blog, we have discussed high-level programming language vs low-level programming language. What are high-level programming languages and what are low-level programming languages. Then we have a comparison between them and which is the best language. I hope you like the given details by us and if you like the details you can share this blog with your buddies.