7 Best Programming Languages for Cyber Security in 2023

Cybersecurity is a growing concern in the world today. One of the biggest aspects of IT security is the ability to write secure code. With the massive credentials breaches of the last few years and the rising number of companies being attacked by hackers.

The importance of cyber security has increased more than ever before. Apart from consumers, businesses are the biggest target of cybercriminals. 

There are many businesses that are looking for the best programming language for cyber security and to protect their business from cyber-attacks. 

I am going to share my opinion about the programming languages that are best for cyber security. In this blog, you will find the 7 best programming languages for cyber security in 2022.

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is the protection of computer systems, networks, programs, and data from theft, damage, or destruction by outside forces. It’s also protecting them from accidents and misuse by employees. 

Additionally, It can be as simple as a strong password. But it can also include complex software and hardware. 

However, the first lesson in cyber security is to have a system in place. Then you have to secure it. 

Moreover, Cyber Security is a process to ensure the security of a network of computers or information technology systems. For example, the network supporting a bank, a power station, or an air traffic control system. 

What Areas of Cybersecurity Require Coding?

Coding is required for the majority of mid-level and higher-level cybersecurity jobs that focus on software engineering or analysis. 

Needless to say, the job roles that specifically require programming skills will largely depend on your cybersecurity specialty and will change over time as the cybersecurity field evolves.

Also Read: Programming Languages for Automation

Why is learning programming important for cybersecurity?

Programming is a vital skill if you want to go into cybersecurity. Cyber attacks are becoming more and more common. The only way to defend against them is for cybersecurity specialists to understand how these attacks are made. They have to be able to think like the people who are trying to break in. 

So, if you are interested in cybersecurity and want to learn to hack, programming is one of the most important skills to have because it will help you understand how cyber attacks work. It can also help you understand how to build better security!

What programming languages are best for cyber security?

Whether you’re a highly experienced cybersecurity professional or just starting out, learning a programming language can be extremely beneficial. The following are the top five most popular programming languages for cyber security to learn in 2022:

7. Ruby


Ruby is a general-purpose multi-paradigm programming language. It supports different programming paradigms like imperative, functional, object-oriented, and reflective. 

It also has dynamic typing, called by the runtime, and meta-programming facilities. Ruby runs on a virtual machine called an interpreter. 

The language was invented by Yukihiro Matsumoto. It is a basic object-oriented programming language that supports several other object-oriented extensions.

Key Features of Ruby Programming:

Here are some features of ruby Programming.

  • Ruby is a programming language that is entirely object-oriented.
    It prefers English keywords and uses punctuation to decorate itself.
  • Ruby code is not compiled.
  • Ruby methods, like Python methods, can be defined using keyword arguments.

Why is Ruby Useful in Cybersecurity?

  • For many years, hackers have used Ruby, a web-oriented language with syntax similar to Python.
  • Ruby includes tools for securely storing passwords using a hash.
  • Ruby is simple to use. It is an excellent first language.

6. Java


This is one of the best and well-known programming languages for Cyber Security.

Java is a great programming language that is used to develop web applications. It’s been around since the 1990s and is still very popular. 

Why is that? Well, Java is a very powerful and versatile language that is simple to use. Not only can you use it to create powerful and fast programs, but you can also use it for business logic and for creating a server-side GUI for an app. 

In addition, Java is a secure language that can use encryption to keep your applications safe from malicious attacks. Java is also a cross-platform language, so it can be run on pretty much any device or operating system.

Key Features of Java Programming:

Here are some basic features of Java programming.

  • Java programming language is simple to learn, read, write, and understand.
  • In contrast to C++, which is semi-object-oriented, Java is a fully object-oriented language.
  • It allows for multithreading programming.
  • Java supports both program compilation and interpretation.

Why is Java Useful in Cybersecurity?

  • Java Offers a Safe Learning Environment
  • It supports the Protection of More Systems
  • Java can help in the Resolution of Other Coding Issues

5. C


C is an old programming language. Dennis Ritchie created it in the early 1970s. Its primary purpose is to create software such as databases, operating systems, compilers, and so on.

For beginners, it is an excellent programming language to learn. Furthermore, once you’ve mastered C, you’ll find it much easier to learn other programming languages like Python and Java.

Key Features of C Programming Language:

Here are some essential features of C programming.

  • C has many built-in functions that help to speed up development.
  • It supports the dynamic memory allocation feature.
  • The C language has a quick compilation and execution time.
  • The feature of pointers is provided by C. Using pointers, we can directly interact with memory.

Why are C and C + + Useful in Cybersecurity?

  • C can be useful for reverse engineering and exploring flaws.
  • A significant amount of malware is written in the C programming language. As a result, learning C++ is essential for understanding and reading open-source code.
  • Many cybersecurity programs, such as the network mapper tool Nmap, are written in C.

4. Python


This is one of the best and popular programming languages for cyber security. 

Python is a high-level programming language that is general-purpose and object-oriented. Because of its versatility, it is one of the most popular and widely used coding languages.

Python is appropriate for general-purpose tasks such as data mining and big data facilitation.

It is an excellent programming language for cybersecurity professionals because it can perform a wide range of cybersecurity tasks, such as scanning, malware analysis, and penetration testing.

Key Features of Python Programming Language:

Here are some important features of Python programming.

  • Python is simpler to learn than other programming languages.
  • It can handle complex tasks with just a few lines of code.
  • Python can run on a variety of platforms, including Windows and Linux, and more.
  • It is freely available to the public.

Why is Python Useful in Cybersecurity?

  • It has a large library, indicating that cybersecurity tools are already available.
  • Python can be used to perform a variety of tasks, including host discovery, server access, port scanning, and network scanning.
  • It supports cybersecurity professionals in quickly becoming up to speed.

3. PHP


PHP is a server-side programming language used for website development. PHP is the most popular server-side language on the web, powering 80% of the top ten million websites. Thus, understanding PHP will enable you to defend against intruders.

PHP is used to build the majority of websites, and learning the language can help you understand and analyze any suspicious activity on your site.

However, this is one of the well-known programming languages for cyber security. 

Key Features of PHP Programming Language:

Here are some major features of PHP programming.

  • PHP source code and software are available for free on the internet.
  • It has an easy-to-understand syntax. Programmers are at ease coding with it.
  • PHP code can be easily integrated into HTML tags and scripts.
  • It is available for the following operating systems: WINDOWS, LINUX, UNIX, and MAC.

Why is PHP Useful in Cybersecurity?

  • Integrating cybersecurity and PHP tools can enable you in mitigating and even eliminate frequent cyberattacks.
  • It allows cybersecurity professionals to enforce strong web application security solutions.
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2. Javascript 


JavaScript is the most widely used programming language. It is the most popular language on the internet. Furthermore, the popularity of frameworks such as jQuery, Angular, and React JS has increased.

It is one of the most effective cybersecurity programming languages to learn. If you know JavaScript, you can ensure that the website is secure enough to reduce or even eliminate XSS attacks.

Key Features of Javascript Programming Language:

Here are some features of Javascript programming.

  • JavaScript is structured and syntax similar to the C programming language. As a result, it’s a structured programming language.
  • It is a simple and interpreted language.
  • JavaScript is a weakly typed programming language in which certain types are implicitly cast (depending on the operation).
  • JavaScript is an object-oriented programming language that uses prototypes for inheritance rather than classes.

Why is JavaScript Useful in Cybersecurity?

  • It Allows you to create safe websites and user interfaces.
  • It reduces the risk of cross-site scripting attempts in web forms and other technical risks.
  • JavaScript allows you to manipulate event handlers and perform cross-site scripting (XSS).

1. SQL


SQL (Structured Query Language) is a programming domain-specific language. It is in control of the data stored in databases. 

SQL is one of the popular programming languages for cyber security and managing databases as organizations become more data-driven.

Key Features of SQL Programming Language:

Here are some major features of SQL programming.

  • SQL is a language that is used to access data from relational database management systems.
  • It can run queries against databases.
  • The data is described using SQL.
  • It is used to define data in a database and to manipulate it when necessary.

Why is SQL Useful in Cybersecurity?

  • Understanding SQL, its applications, and how SQL injection attacks can be used to manipulate websites can be useful for cybersecurity professionals.
  • SQL Injection is one of the most common threats to web application security, security defenders will benefit greatly from SQL mastery.

Conclusion: Programming Languages for Cyber Security

We hope you enjoyed our blog about the best programming languages for cyber security in 2022.

Cyber security is one of the fastest-growing and highest-paying industries in the world. Cyber security experts are expected to be in a shortage of 1.8 million people by 2022. Because of this, according to the Cyber Security Market Report, the global cybersecurity market will reach $170 billion by 2022.

FAQs (Programming Languages for Cyber Security)

Q1. Which programming is best for cyber security?

There are many programming languages that are superior for cybersecurity. But Python, Shell scripting, HTML, JavaScript, and SQL is the best programming languages for cyber security.

Q2. Is C or C++ better for cyber security?

C++ is more efficient and performs better than C. Despite its utility, it is used by less than 0.1% of all websites. A C++ developer creates desktop and mobile apps, whereas coding experts detect and eliminate vulnerabilities and bugs.

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